Chad Hunger Crisis
Learn More About The Sahel Hunger Crisis
According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, 18.7 million people in the Sahel region faced an extreme food crisis in 2012. The worst of the crisis was averted, but 11.3 million people are still at risk today and need immediate assistance.
We Can't Forget Chad
Many of us do not think of Chad when we think of an emergency. However, the landlocked state sits in a volatile neighborhood, with Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, Central African Republic and Cameroon to the south, and Nigeria and Niger to the west.
So, when trouble occurs in these surrounding countries, where do people tend to flee? Chad.
The Situation in Chad
December 2013 Update
In the midst of many humanitarian crises in Africa, Chad cannot be forgotten. Despite limited resources of its own, Chad has absorbed refugees from all around the region. Chad also has been affected by the Sahel food crisis. Chad suffered poor harvests in the early phases of the crisis (2011-2012), leaving about 3.6 million people food insecure and resulting in a global acute malnutrition rate of 21 percent among children in some areas. Additionally, floods affected more than 560,000 people and displaced thousands. According to the Chadian government, nearly 25 percent of cultivated land was destroyed in some regions, leaving vulnerable households in need of temporary food assistance
Refugees and the people who call Chad home desperately need assistance in the face of hunger and poverty.
With Sudan on its eastern border and the Central African Republic on its southern border, Chad has experienced an influx of refugees from conflicts in both countries. In early 2013, there were almost 80,000 refugees from the Central African Republic in camps in southern Chad. Most of these refugees are of vulnerable groups including the elderly, sick, disabled, minors and pregnant women. In east Chad, there are nearly 300,000 registered refugees from Sudan, mostly fleeing conflict in the Darfur region.
In addition, Chad is still recuperating from the effec ts of the Sahel food crisis of 2010-2012. Good harvests have stabilized market prices and replenished food stocks, but those who were hard hit by the crisis still need assistance in order to fully recover. About 90,000 Chadian people remain internally displaced, many of whom fled their homes due to food insecurity, and resources are still extremely strained.
When crisis struck Chad, CARE quickly intervened in the areas of food distribution, cash transfer, distribution of seeds and tools, water, sanitation and hygiene. Thanks to a large-scale response by the humanitarian community in partnership with the government and to better harvests, the number of food insecure people declined to 1.8 million by January 2013.
During the most acute period, CARE distributed cereals, beans and oil to approximately 200,000 people, including almost 29,000 children under 5 who received corn-soy blend – a special nutritional food supplement which compensates for the loss of vitamins, proteins and other important micronutrients. More than 7,000 nursing mothers also received special supplementary food to ensure adequate nutrition for themselves and their children.
CARE also provided affected families with access to water and adequate sanitation, repairing broken water pumps serving a total of 23,500 people, and distributing 14,632 jerry cans. During both rainy and dry seasons we distributed seeds and tools to more than 4,000 households, enabling them to resume farming.
We further assisted flood-affected refugees from the Central African Republic, relocating 9,100 people to refugee camps, where CARE’s work includes the reconstruction of shelters and schools, refurbishing hand pumps, and support for community services centers for women and people with special needs.
Refugee and displaced populations are among the most vulnerable to hunger and poverty, and CARE is dedicated to making sure they get the lifesaving assistance they need.
CARE has been working in Chad since 1975. Current operations are based mainly in southern Chad, where we are focusing our efforts on addressing the needs resulting from the influx of refugees from the Central African Republic.
How CARE works in emergencies
RESPONDING TODAY, PREPARING FOR TOMORROW
In 2011 alone, CARE reached 12 million people affected by natural disasters, conflict situations and other crises.