We’re working to end the global AIDS epidemic

We’re Working to End the Global AIDS Epidemic

Publication info


Since HIV – the disease that causes AIDS – was identified in 1981, more than 60 million people have been infected – and 25 million have died AIDS-related deaths, mostly in low- and middle-income countries.

Women are at a higher risk for infection than men – in part due to anatomy but also because of gender inequality and sexual abuse. And hundreds of children are born with every day with the disease transmitted from their mothers.

The good news is that treatment for the prevention and management of HIV is available and effective. The scaling up of anti-retroviral therapy in the developing world has saved more than 14 million lives since 1995. However, there are still millions of people suffering from HIV and AIDS who do not have access to treatment.

Our work

CARE collaborates with PEPFAR, a U.S. government-funded program, in Africa, (Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa and  Zambia), South Asia (Bangladesh, India and  Nepal) and Southeast Asia (Vietnam) to help meet the goals of preventing 12 million new infections, providing antiretrovirals to 6 million individuals and ensuring 12 million people receive HIV-related care, including 5 million orphans and vulnerable children.

Focus on women

We believe gender equality is fundamental in achieving rights and dignity for all, including people living with HIV and their families and loved ones. Women tend to be more vulnerable to the structural issues that increase their risk if acquiring HIV, including violence against women, transgenerational sex, educational and employment disparities and commercial sex work. Poorer women in most societies, especially those living with HIV, face combined burdens from discriminatory practices and policies in obtaining education and employment, in accessing livelihoods, assets and information, and basic civil participation. CARE is committed to supporting the empowerment of poor women and girls and addressing gender barriers where they live, work and raise families.

Focus on children

Children affected or infected by HIV and AIDS are also at a distinct disadvantage in virtually all aspects of life – nutrition, health and development. These children are less likely to have their basic needs met and are more likely to be sick or malnourished, suffer psychological trauma, lag behind in a series of developmental outcomes, endure abuse and become HIV positive. Young children are especially vulnerable to the effects of HIV and AIDS, given the critical importance of the first five years of life in providing the foundations for lifelong development. CARE has been supporting cross-sector work between HIV/AIDS, nutrition and health through the development of programming essential actions that meet the developmental needs of children.