Fixing a food crisis and preventing a catastrophe in South Sudan - April 2014
Humanitarian Crisis in South Sudan
A New Home for Martha and Gracie
After years of violence South Sudan became the world's newest country - and faces the difficult task of building homes for the thousands of people who lost everything because of war.
3.7 Million People in South Sudan face food insecurity
You can help by supporting CARE's work in South Sudan and other poor and war-torn countries around the world.
About the Crisis in South Sudan
For a very long time, Sudan has been a country in turmoil. In 1983, after a decade-long pause in the country's long civil war between the north and south, conflict broke out again. It wasn't until early 2005 - after more than 1.5 million people had died - that a peace agreement was signed between the two sides.
The agreement led to the historic vote that created the Republic of South Sudan on July 9, 2011.
From the start, South Sudan was one poorest countries in the world. Most of the fledgling nation is in the grip of a humanitarian crisis fueled by years of chronic underdevelopment, conflict and natural disasters. The impact on the population is devastating:
- One in seven women die in childbirth
- Eighty-four percent of women are illiterate
- Half the population has no access to improved sources of drinking water
- One in nine children will not live to see their fifth birthday
- Only one-third of the population has ever attended school
Today, violence continues to force people to flee their homes, especially near the northern border, where territories remain disputed despite the peace agreement with Sudan. Many have also fled south to Uganda, where as of April 7, a total of 76,400 refugees have arrived since December, with tens of thousands more expected to cross the border in upcoming months.
In addition, as many as 3.7 million people in South Sudan (nearly one third of the population) face food insecurity, in part because of the large influx of people into South Sudan - both returnees and refugees from the north. These factors have forced hundreds of thousands of people into camps, where they live as internally displaced persons. A new report warns that as many as 7 million people are at risk if situations do not improve.
What CARE is doing
CARE has been working in the region since 1993, providing health services, improving access to clean water and sanitation, mitigating the effects of droughts and helping with peace-building efforts.
With the secession of South Sudan, many people who fled their homeland during the conflict have since returned. However, many of these people have no homes or livelihoods to return to. CARE is helping these families with shelter, water, sanitation and healthcare. In the camps, we're helping to strengthen health services for families and providing lifesaving interventions for malnourished children and pregnant women.
How CARE works in emergencies
RESPONDING TODAY, PREPARING FOR TOMORROW
In 2011 alone, CARE reached 12 million people affected by natural disasters, conflict situations and other crises.