Humanitarian Crisis in South Sudan
About the crisis in South Sudan
South Sudan has been a country in turmoil for a long time. In 1983, after a decade-long pause in the country's long civil war between the north and south, conflict broke out again. It wasn't until early 2005 - after more than 1.5 million people had died - that a peace agreement was signed between the two sides. The agreement led to the historic vote that created the Republic of South Sudan on July 9, 2011.
From the start, South Sudan was one of the poorest countries in the world. Most of the fledgling nation is in the grip of a humanitarian crisis fueled by years of chronic underdevelopment, conflict and natural disasters.
Three years of brutal civil war has contributed to an economic crisis and below average harvest that continues to send food prices skyrocketing. The result has been a food crisis that continues to spread throughout the country. According to an early warning report, there are new areas of South Sudan reaching emergency levels of food crisis, which is just one level above famine. These are areas where people have been recently displaced because of outbreaks of the conflict that drove them off their land leaving them with no access to food and their agricultural livelihoods. For example in Jonglei State, there have been 200,000 people recently displaced.
1.7 million people are on the brink of famine and 6.1 million face extreme hunger in South Sudan. That is half population – the highest number ever recorded in the country. 1 million children under the age of five are severely malnourished.
What CARE is doing
CARE South Sudan is implementing emergency response programs in Unity, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei and Upper Nile Regions. The country office is planning to increase the funding target to address the growing needs. CARE has reached 356,000 beneficiaries through food security, livelihoods, nutrition, health and Gender/GBV interventions.
CARE Sudan has been responding to an influx of refugees for a couple years through a small-scale response in South Kordofan in 2014 until the end of 2016, when the refugee influx increased. CARE is currently providing critical, lifesaving support and building the resilience of refugees and vulnerable host communities in East and South Darfur and South Kordofan
CARE has been working in the region since 1993, providing health services, improving access to clean water and sanitation, mitigating the effects of droughts and helping with peace-building efforts. CARE is providing assistance in health and nutrition for mothers and children under five years old, food and livelihoods assistance, peace building and sexual and physical violence prevention across four states including some of the worst affected by conflict. Since the crisis began in 2013 CARE has assisted over 350,000 people across Greater Unity, Upper Nile, Jonglei and Eastern Equatoria Regions of South Sudan.
*Updated July 2017
South Sudan Emergency - Fleeing Famine
Hunger is forcing hundreds of thousands to flee
South Sudan Emergency - Food Insecurity
6 million face extreme hunger in South Sudan
South Sudan Emergency - Malnourished Children
Mothers fend for their families’ survival
South Sudan Emergency - Tepitha and Martha
Two mothers facing starvation and conflict fight for survival
How CARE works in emergencies
RESPONDING TODAY, PREPARING FOR TOMORROW
In 2011 alone, CARE reached 12 million people affected by natural disasters, conflict situations and other crises.