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Gender, Food Insecurity & Drought: IPC & Rapid Gender Analysis Pilot – Somalia

The Integrated Phased Classification’s (IPC) acute food insecurity reports are the gold-standard for measuring hunger worldwide. However, despite their importance, IPC analysis is almost always gender-unaware. To address this gap, CARE has taken the challenge of piloting a gender-sensitive version of the IPC acute food insecurity analysis in Somalia. The report outlines the approaches and findings of the mixed-methods approach to understand the gender dimensions of the drought in Somalia.

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About the report

The Integrated Phased Classification’s (IPC) acute food insecurity reports are the gold-standard for measuring hunger worldwide. However, despite their importance, IPC analysis is almost always gender-unaware. To address this gap, CARE has taken the challenge of piloting a gender-sensitive version of the IPC acute food insecurity analysis in Somalia.

The report outlines the approaches and findings of the mixed-methods approach to understand the gender dimensions of the drought in Somalia. We share some of the key findings below:

  • The quantitative-only IPC questionnaires find that men and male-headed households are reporting more severe food insecurity than women and female-headed households but there are variations across locations and severity.
  • Through qualitative analysis, humanitarian aid targeting strategies, pre-existing food consumption and distribution inequalities, and livelihood stress arose as potential variables influencing how men and women may experience and report food insecurity differently in the drought.
  • According to male and female respondents, the loss of livestock has had a ripple effect on food availability, nutritional diversity, and financial resources, and has contributed to adaptations in men’s and women’s roles and responsibilities.

Lastly, the report and advocacy brief highlight concrete steps for scaling and improving disaggregated analysis for global IPC partners, Donors, Humanitarian implementers.

Download the full report

Download the policy brief

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