CARE began work in Jordan in 1948 to meet the needs of Palestinian refugees displaced with the creation of Israel. Jordan continues to offer a safe haven to those fleeing conflict, and hundreds of thousands of refugees have arrived from Iraq and Syria over the last decade. Jordan has very limited resources and is one of the most water-scarce countries in the world. Unemployment is high, particularly among women, and conflicts in neighboring countries threaten stability. CARE works with refugees and host communities, with a particular focus on women, girls and vulnerable families, to help them deal with the effects of conflict, economic disparity, discrimination and a fragile resource base.
As the population doubles over the next two decades, water scarcity will become an even greater problem and will challenge farmers to improve food security through environmentally sustainable agricultural practices.
Jordan has hosted up to 800,000 refugees fleeing violence and insecurity in Iraq between 2003 and 2009, thousands of whom still live in Jordan. Since 2011 until today, the country has been home to more than 660,000 refugees to date who have fled the conflict in Syria, including 35,000 at the Azraq refugee camp where CARE works to meet their needs. Additionally, CARE supports refugees from other nationalities, such as Palestinians, Sudanese, and Somalians, as well as vulnerable Jordanians.