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Hariyo Ban

A Nepali woman smiles at the camera with her hands raised in a prayer in front of her face.

Photo credit: Karine Aigner/WWF-US

Photo credit: Karine Aigner/WWF-US

The CARE-WWF Alliance’s second programming project took place in Nepal, lasting from 2011-2021.

The importance of conservation in Nepal

Located at the juncture of the Indian subcontinent and Asia proper, forests comprise over 44% of Nepal’s land mass, and the country boasts over 23% as an officially designated protected area. However, with 23.8% of the nation living below the poverty line, Nepal’s natural beauty and resources are threatened by haphazard infrastructure development, a gross overuse of natural resources, and continuing threats from climate shocks.

About the Hariyo Ban Program

Facing these challenges, the CARE-WWF Alliance began the Hariyo Ban Program, named after the famous Nepali saying ‘Hariyo Ban Nepal ko Dhan’ (healthy green forests are the wealth of Nepal).

The program aimed to reduce the adverse impacts of climate change and threats to biodiversity, emphasizing the links between people and forests. At the heart of Hariyo Ban lie two interwoven components – biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation including market based livelihoods. These are supported by governance, and gender and social inclusion as cross-cutting themes.

The program had three key priorities:

  • Conserve Nepal’s forest and its wildlife
  • Accelerate ecological and community resistance to climate change by empowering vulnerable women and communities
  • Improve natural resources management and reduce threats to biodiversity

Highlighted resource

Model Community Forest

The Community Forests program was conceptualized and implemented four decades ago. Since then, it has contributed to increasing the forest area of Nepal. The Federation of Community Forestry Users Nepal (FECOFUN) will pilot the concept of a model community forest in selected community forests within the working areas of Hariyo Ban Program. This will provide an opportunity to create proven methods, processes, and successes that can be replicated in other community forests throughout the country.

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