Tipping Point Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability, & Learning - CARE

Tipping Point Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning Resources

Tipping Point has used feminist and developmental monitoring, evaluation and learning alongside a cluster randomized control trial to generate evidence and learning on root causes of and solutions for addressing child, early and forced marriage. The resources below contain the results of Tipping Point’s research as well as the monitoring and evaluation tools.

Phase 2 Evaluation Reports

Understanding the Root Causes of Child Marriage: Executive Summary of Baseline Findings from the Tipping Point Evaluation in Bangladesh and Nepal

Tipping Points’ RCT baseline evaluation, measuring the rates of child marriage, adolescent girls’ agency and social norms in Bangladesh and Nepal demonstrate the key drivers of child, early and forced marriage in Tipping Point program areas, and contain recommendations for policy and practice.

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Understanding the Root Causes of Child Marriage: Executive Summary of Baseline Findings from the Tipping Point Evaluation in Bangladesh and Nepal (Arabic)

يُظهر التقييم الأساسي للتقييم العشوائي المضبوطة لنقاط التحول ، الذي يقيس معدلات زواج الأطفال ، ووكالة الفتيات المراهقات والأعراف الاجتماعية في بنغلاديش ونيبال الدوافع الرئيسية لزواج الأطفال والزواج المبكر والقسري في مجالات برنامج نقطة التحول ، ويحتوي على توصيات للسياسات والممارسات.

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Comprendre les Causes Profundes du Mariage des Enfants: Conclusions de l’évaluation Tipping Point au Bangladesh et au Népal

L'évaluation de base de l'ECR des Tipping Point, qui mesure les taux de mariage des enfants, l'agence des adolescentes et les normes sociales au Bangladesh et au Népal, démontre les principaux moteurs du mariage des enfants, du mariage précoce et du mariage forcé dans les zones de programme des Tipping Point, et contient des recommandations pour la politique et la pratique.

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Entender las Causas Principales del Matrimonio Infantil: Conclusiones basales de la evaluación de Tipping Point en Bangladés y Nepal

La evaluación de referencia del ECA de Tipping Points, que mide las tasas de matrimonio infantil, la agencia de las adolescentes y las normas sociales en Bangladesh y Nepal, demuestra los principales impulsores del matrimonio infantil, precoz y forzado en las zonas del programa de Tipping Points, y contiene recomendaciones para la política y la práctica.

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Tipping Point Phase 2 Baseline Report: Nepal

Emory University, in collaboration with Care USA, Care Nepal, and Interdisciplinary Analysts, is leading an impact evaluation of the Tipping Point approach in Nepal. The baseline study found that in program areas, even girls in school were at risk of being married early if perceived to be disobedient – for example by roaming around their village “without purpose” or interacting with boys. Restrictive norms around girls’ mobility, interacting with boys, and participating in leisure activities outside the home intensify during adolescence to guard against’ expected reputational damage. Norms are somewhat in flux, especially among educated families, but despite this, girls face limitations in their ability to participate in decisions about the timing of marriage and choice of spouse. Collective action among adolescents is in a nascent stage, but there are some adult stakeholders who are committed to supporting such activity.

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Tipping Point Phase 2 Baseline Executive Summary: Nepal

Emory University, in collaboration with Care USA, Care Nepal, and Interdisciplinary Analysts, is leading an impact evaluation of the Tipping Point approach in Nepal. The baseline study found that in program areas, even girls in school were at risk of being married early if perceived to be disobedient – for example by roaming around their village “without purpose” or interacting with boys. Restrictive norms around girls’ mobility, interacting with boys, and participating in leisure activities outside the home intensify during adolescence to guard against’ expected reputational damage. Norms are somewhat in flux, especially among educated families, but despite this, girls face limitations in their ability to participate in decisions about the timing of marriage and choice of spouse. Collective action among adolescents is in a nascent stage, but there are some adult stakeholders who are committed to supporting such activity.

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Tipping Point Phase 2 Baseline Report: Bangladesh

International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), in collaboration with Care USA and CARE Bangladesh, is leading an impact evaluation of the Tipping Point approach in Bangladesh. In program areas, there were high rates of child marriage reported, and girls’ aspirations for when they will get married is at odds with their reality. The majority of girls accepted gender-inequitable attitudes, including control by their family about their mobility and other aspects of their lives. Girls rarely negotiate marriage, since social norms related to girls’ voice and decision-making would lead to girls’ opinion being ignored. Girls’ interaction with boys outside of family was also restricted and the result of violating this norm could be early marriage. The study recommends building girls’ movement for collective action in favor of girls’ rights and community sensitization to girls’ rights, both of which are important components of the Tipping Point Phase 2 package.

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Tipping Point Phase 2 Baseline Executive Summary: Bangladesh

International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), in collaboration with Care USA and CARE Bangladesh, is leading an impact evaluation of the Tipping Point approach in Bangladesh. In program areas, there were high rates of child marriage reported, and girls’ aspirations for when they will get married is at odds with their reality. The majority of girls accepted gender-inequitable attitudes, including control by their family about their mobility and other aspects of their lives. Girls rarely negotiate marriage, since social norms related to girls’ voice and decision-making would lead to girls’ opinion being ignored. Girls’ interaction with boys outside of family was also restricted and the result of violating this norm could be early marriage. The study recommends building girls’ movement for collective action in favor of girls’ rights and community sensitization to girls’ rights, both of which are important components of the Tipping Point Phase 2 package.

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Tipping Point Phase 2 Baseline Social Norms Findings Brief

This brief presents the combined findings from baseline evaluation in Nepal and Bangladesh on the five social norms on which Tipping Point programming focuses. The findings from the social norms’ data suggest that as soon as girls hit puberty, they experience more restrictive norms and their own sensitivity to sanctions from families and community members leads to girls upholding these norms in their behavior. There are some signs of flexibility in repressive norms restricting girls’ lives and options, especially when it comes to flexibility in interactions, mobility and decision about marriage for girls in school settings or in order to pursue education. However, perceived threats to a girls’ virginity or reputation as “chaste” that affect her marriageability acts as a push factor towards child marriage. However, girls depicted confidence to come together for a common purpose. The Tipping Point Initiative seeks to tap this confidence to engage girls in movement building to demand their rights while facilitating a supportive environment of increasingly positive norms and a network of allies to shift harmful and restrictive norms.

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Tipping Point Phase 2 Baseline Social Norms Findings Brief (Arabic)

يعرض هذا الموجز النتائج المجمعة من التقييم الأساسي في نيبال وبنغلاديش حول المعايير الاجتماعية الخمسة التي تركز عليها برمجة نقطة التحول. تشير النتائج المستخلصة من بيانات الأعراف الاجتماعية إلى أنه بمجرد وصول الفتيات إلى سن البلوغ ، يتعرضن لمعايير أكثر تقييدًا وحساسيتهن تجاه العقوبات المفروضة من العائلات وأفراد المجتمع يؤدي إلى التزام الفتيات بهذه المعايير في سلوكهن. هناك بعض علامات المرونة في المعايير القمعية التي تقيد حياة الفتيات وخياراتهن ، خاصة عندما يتعلق الأمر بالمرونة في التفاعلات ، والتنقل ، واتخاذ القرار بشأن زواج الفتيات في الأوساط المدرسية أو من أجل متابعة التعليم. ومع ذلك ، فإن التهديدات المتصورة لعذرية الفتاة أو سمعتها على أنها "عفيفة" تؤثر على قدرتها على الزواج تعمل كعامل دفع نحو زواج الأطفال. ومع ذلك ، صورت الفتيات الثقة في الالتقاء من أجل هدف مشترك. تسعى مبادرة Tipping Point إلى الاستفادة من هذه الثقة لإشراك الفتيات في بناء الحركات للمطالبة بحقوقهن مع تسهيل بيئة داعمة للمعايير الإيجابية المتزايدة وشبكة من الحلفاء لتغيير المعايير الضارة والمقيدة.

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Tipping Point Evaluación de referencia Hallazgos de la Norma Social

Este informe presenta las conclusiones combinadas de la evaluación de referencia en Nepal y Bangladesh sobre las cinco normas sociales en las que se centra la programación de Tipping Point. Los resultados de los datos de las normas sociales sugieren que tan pronto como las niñas llegan a la pubertad, experimentan normas más restrictivas y su propia sensibilidad a las sanciones de las familias y los miembros de la comunidad hace que las niñas mantengan estas normas en su comportamiento. Hay algunos signos de flexibilidad en las normas represivas que restringen la vida y las opciones de las niñas, especialmente cuando se trata de la flexibilidad en las interacciones, la movilidad y la decisión sobre el matrimonio para las niñas en el entorno escolar o para seguir su educación. Sin embargo, las amenazas percibidas a la virginidad de una niña o a su reputación de "casta" que afectan a su capacidad para contraer matrimonio actúan como un factor de empuje hacia el matrimonio infantil. Sin embargo, las niñas mostraron confianza para reunirse con un propósito común. La Iniciativa de Tipping Point trata de aprovechar esta confianza para que las niñas participen en la creación de movimientos para reivindicar sus derechos, facilitando al mismo tiempo un entorno de apoyo de normas cada vez más positivas y una red de aliados para cambiar las normas perjudiciales y restrictivas.

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Tipping Point Évaluation Préliminaire Conclusions sur les Normes Socia

Ce dossier présente les résultats combinés de l'évaluation de base au Népal et au Bangladesh sur les cinq normes sociales sur lesquelles se concentre la programmation du Tipping Point. Les résultats des données sur les normes sociales suggèrent que dès que les filles atteignent la puberté, elles sont soumises à des normes plus restrictives et que leur propre sensibilité aux sanctions des familles et des membres de la communauté les amène à respecter ces normes dans leur comportement. Il existe certains signes de flexibilité dans les normes répressives qui limitent la vie et les options des filles, notamment en ce qui concerne la flexibilité dans les interactions, la mobilité et la décision de se marier pour les filles en milieu scolaire ou pour poursuivre des études. Toutefois, les menaces perçues à l'encontre de la virginité ou de la réputation de "chasteté" des filles qui affectent leur capacité à se marier constituent un facteur d'incitation au mariage des enfants. Cependant, les filles ont montré qu'elles avaient confiance en elles pour se réunir dans un but commun. L'initiative "Point de basculement" cherche à exploiter cette confiance pour engager les filles dans la construction d'un mouvement visant à revendiquer leurs droits tout en facilitant un environnement favorable à des normes de plus en plus positives et un réseau d'alliés pour faire évoluer les normes néfastes et restrictives.

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Phase 2 Monitoring and Evaluation Tools

Tipping Point Phase 2 Theory of Change

Tipping Point Phase 2 Theory of Change (ToC) outlines the pathways through which synchronized engagement with girls and boys, parents, and community members strengthens adolescent girl empowerment and reduces child marriage. The ToC was developed based on learnings from Phase 1 of the project and the existing research and programmatic evidence on how social and gender norms. drive adolescents’ lives in the contexts of Nepal and Bangladesh.

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Tipping Point Phase 2 Research Design

Program impact is being evaluated utilizing a three-arm cluster randomized controlled trial. The evaluation will assess outcomes of social norms linked to CEFM, girls’ decision-making power over major life decisions (marriage, mobility, education, health - including ASRHR), girls’ fulfillment of sexual and reproductive health and rights, and their collective activism for their rights. In Nepal, the evaluation will include a boys’ survey, including modules on boys’ rights and hegemonic masculinity. This evaluation has been designed to contribute to the research base on CEFM and thus the broader discourse on adolescent girls’ rights by generating evidence on the effectiveness of holistic gender transformative programming and understanding the potential value-add of social norms focused programming.

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Tipping Point Phase 2 Results Framework

The Tipping Point Phase 2 Results Framework demonstrates the indicators measured to assess how well the program reaches the goals of increased agency for adolescent girls, relationships that enable fulfillment of girls rights, and changes in gender inequitable social norms. These outcomes have the ultimate aim of reducing child, early and forced marriage.

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Tipping Point Girls’ Survey- Nepal

A quantitative tool used in Tipping Point's randomized control trial evaluation.

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Tipping Point Boys’ Survey- Nepal

A quantitative tool used in Tipping Point's randomized control trial evaluation.

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Tipping Point Community Survey- Nepal

A quantitative tool used in Tipping Point's randomized control trial evaluation.

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Tipping Point Girls’ Survey- Bangladesh

A quantitative tool used in Tipping Point's randomized control trial evaluation.

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Tipping Point Community Survey- Bangladesh

A quantitative tool used in Tipping Point's randomized control trial evaluation.

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Tipping Point Norm by Norm Focus Group Discussion- Adolescent Boys

A qualitative tool to assess norms and norms change as a part of Tipping Point's Phase 2 impact evaluation

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Tipping Point Norm by Norm Focus Group Discussion- Adolescent Girls

A qualitative tool to assess norms and norms change as a part of Tipping Point's Phase 2 impact evaluation

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Tipping Point Norm by Norm Focus Group Discussion- Parents

A qualitative tool to assess norms and norms change as a part of Tipping Point's Phase 2 impact evaluation

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Tipping Point Vignette Focus Group Discussion- Adolescent Boys

A qualitative tool to assess norms and norms change as a part of Tipping Point's Phase 2 impact evaluation

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Tipping Point Vignette Focus Group Discussion- Adolescent Girls

A qualitative tool to assess norms and norms change as a part of Tipping Point's Phase 2 impact evaluation

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Tipping Point In-Depth Interview Guide- Adolescent Boys

A qualitative tool used in Tipping Point's Phase 2 Impact Evaluation

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Tipping Point In-Depth Interview Guide- Adolescent Girls

A qualitative tool used in Tipping Point's Phase 2 Impact Evaluation

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Tipping Point Key Informant Interview Guide

A qualitative tool used in Tipping Point's Phase 2 Impact Evaluation

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Tipping Point Rolling Profile- Adolescent Girls

The Rolling Profile is a monitoring tool for collecting longitudinal data every 4-6 months to assess changes in participants’ attitudes, perceptions and reported behavior over the course of the intervention. This monitoring tool is a semi-structured interview developed to assess progress towards Tipping Point’s outcomes, with specific focus on relational-level change, i.e. adolescents’ connectedness with their parents and parents’ understanding of the life, concerns and aspirations of their children. The interviews also monitor changes in gendered expectations, based on perceived gender roles.

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Tipping Point Rolling Profile- Adolescent Boys

The Rolling Profile is a monitoring tool for collecting longitudinal data every 4-6 months to assess changes in participants’ attitudes, perceptions and reported behavior over the course of the intervention. This monitoring tool is a semi-structured interview developed to assess progress towards Tipping Point’s outcomes, with specific focus on relational-level change, i.e. adolescents’ connectedness with their parents and parents’ understanding of the life, concerns and aspirations of their children. The interviews also monitor changes in gendered expectations, based on perceived gender roles.

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Tipping Point Rolling Profile- Mothers

The Rolling Profile is a monitoring tool for collecting longitudinal data every 4-6 months to assess changes in participants’ attitudes, perceptions and reported behavior over the course of the intervention. This monitoring tool is a semi-structured interview developed to assess progress towards Tipping Point’s outcomes, with specific focus on relational-level change, i.e. adolescents’ connectedness with their parents and parents’ understanding of the life, concerns and aspirations of their children. The interviews also monitor changes in gendered expectations, based on perceived gender roles.

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Tipping Point Rolling Profile- Fathers

The Rolling Profile is a monitoring tool for collecting longitudinal data every 4-6 months to assess changes in participants’ attitudes, perceptions and reported behavior over the course of the intervention. This monitoring tool is a semi-structured interview developed to assess progress towards Tipping Point’s outcomes, with specific focus on relational-level change, i.e. adolescents’ connectedness with their parents and parents’ understanding of the life, concerns and aspirations of their children. The interviews also monitor changes in gendered expectations, based on perceived gender roles.

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Tipping Point Facilitator Observation Tool

The Facilitator Observation tool is used to record observations on facilitation skills during a session with either girls, boys, mothers and fathers. This tool is used to monitor both the progression of individual facilitators’ skills as well as the average skill level of facilitators across an area. Around 10% of sessions are observed every month to ensure implementation fidelity to the standards set by Tipping Point.

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Tipping Point Participant Feedback Session Report- Adolescents

After each session observation, we host an opportunity for participant feedback. Senior implementing partner staff collect feedback through participatory tools. Girls, boys, mothers and fathers provide input at least once every six months.

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Tipping Point Participant Feedback Session Report- Parents

After each session observation, we host an opportunity for participant feedback. Senior implementing partner staff collect feedback through participatory tools. Girls, boys, mothers and fathers provide input at least once every six months.

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Tipping Point Process Documentation (Event) Report

After a Tipping Point community event, either of a social norms event or a girl-led activism event has taken place, the facilitator will fill out this tool so we can understand the process of community-led social norms programming. This will also monitor what backlash occurred and any support needed.

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Tipping Point Home Visit Report

A Home Visit report is filled by a Field Facilitator when a TP participant is identified at risk of dropping out of the program. These tools monitor the fidelity of the program, by assessing the reasons for dropping out and encouraging the participants to rejoin, by explaining the purpose and importance of the Tipping Point sessions.

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Tipping Point Attendance Tool: Adolescents

An attendance tool for Tipping Point Phase 2 programming in Nepal and Bangladesh

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Tipping Point Attendance Tool: Parents

An attendance tool for Tipping Point Phase 2 programming in Nepal and Bangladesh

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Tipping Point Attendance Tool: Opinion Leaders

An attendance tool for Tipping Point Phase 2 programming in Nepal and Bangladesh

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Tipping Point Attendance Tool: Intergroup Dialogues

An attendance tool for Tipping Point Phase 2 programming in Nepal and Bangladesh

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Tipping Point Attendance Tool: Community Events

An attendance tool for Tipping Point Phase 2 programming in Nepal and Bangladesh

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Phase 1 Evaluation reports

Tipping Point Phase 1 Executive Summary Nepal

In just a few years, Tipping Point has made significant progress in mobilizing advocates for girls’ rights and in shifting social norms related to child marriage in Nepal. Although the successes of Tipping Point to date have not fully overcome the many barriers girls continue to face in realizing their potential and achieving agency in key life decisions. There are successes that hold promise for social norm change and girls’ empowerment.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Executive Summary Bangladesh

Tipping Point’s approach to social norm change and girls’ empowerment in Bangladesh demonstrated that key activities that disrupt traditional social norms in safe, public environments are effective in shifting attitudes. The project piloted new ways of operationalizing social norm change programming by focusing on positive messages about girls rather than the negative outcomes of child marriage.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Evaluation: Nepal

In just a few years, Tipping Point has made significant progress in mobilizing advocates for girls’ rights and in shifting social norms related to child marriage in Nepal. Although the successes of Tipping Point to date have not fully overcome the many barriers girls continue to face in realizing their potential and achieving agency in key life decisions. There are successes that hold promise for social norm change and girls’ empowerment.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Evaluation: Bangladesh

Tipping Point’s approach to social norm change and girls’ empowerment in Bangladesh demonstrated that key activities that disrupt traditional social norms in safe, public environments are effective in shifting attitudes. The project piloted new ways of operationalizing social norm change programming by focusing on positive messages about girls rather than the negative outcomes of child marriage.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Policy Recommendations: Nepal

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Policy Recommendations: Bangladesh

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Staff Transformation Findings

Tipping Point invested in a series of workshops and transformative experiences for staff to support their skills in personal reflection about gender. Tipping Point staff employed ongoing self-reflection around gender, power, sexuality, values, practices, and action that model anti-oppression (based on gender, caste, and other group identities).

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Outcome Mapping Report

This report presents the analyses and syntheses of the Outcome Mapping change stories that were collected in Bangladesh and Nepal during Phase 1 of the Tipping Point. Together, the stories offer a glimpse into the process of change observed at the community level. The progress markers suggest that the project has been effective at rapidly empowering girls in terms of finding their voices and standing up for themselves.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Sensemaker Report

The SenseMaker component of Tipping Point’s Phase 1 evaluation helped to validate certain aspects of the project’s Theory of Change and provided new areas of exploration. SenseMaker enabled greater depth of analysis about girls’ lived experiences of gendered social norms – resulting in a better understanding of different subgroups’ perceptions of adolescent girls, the challenges they face, and how they resolve these challenges.

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Phase 1 Monitoring and Evaluation Tools

Phase 1 Vision of Change

Phase 1 of Tipping Point (2013-2017) addresses child marriage through a dynamic process of innovation, insight, and influence through advocacy in Nepal and Bangladesh. In 16 sub-districts of Nepal and 90 villages of Bangladesh, the project works with adolescent girls and boys, parents, community and religious leaders, and nationally with networks of social activists, experts, and government agencies. These areas are both geographically and economically isolated from other regions. CARE expects this learning and innovation initiative to contribute to global understanding of the complex issues driving child marriage and strategies that can contribute to a “tipping point” of sustainable change to prevent child marriage and create viable alternative paths for adolescent girls.

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Tipping Point MEL Methods Brief: Photovoice

During Phase 1, Tipping Point evaluation drew upon multiple methods for assessing the project’s contributions to changes at community and individual levels, including Photovoice, a highly participatory method of evaluation that simultaneously builds skills and amplifies the participant’s own voice. Tipping Point’s experience with Photovoice is described in this brief for practitioners and researchers who may wish to apply this methodology to another evaluation or learning process.

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Tipping Point MEL Methods Brief: Photovoice (French)

Au cours de la phase 1, l'évaluation du Tipping Point a fait appel à de multiples méthodes pour évaluer les contributions du projet aux changements au niveau communautaire et individuel, notamment Photovoice, une méthode d'évaluation très participative qui permet à la fois de renforcer les compétences et d'amplifier la voix du participant. L'expérience de Tipping Point avec Photovoice est décrite dans ce dossier à l'intention des praticiens et des chercheurs qui souhaitent appliquer cette méthodologie à une autre évaluation ou à un autre processus d'apprentissage.

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Tipping Point MEL Methods Brief: Photovoice (Spanish)

Durante la primera fase, la evaluación de Tipping Point se basó en múltiples métodos para evaluar las contribuciones del proyecto a los cambios a nivel comunitario e individual, entre ellos Photovoice, un método de evaluación muy participativo que simultáneamente desarrolla las aptitudes y amplifica la propia voz del participante. La experiencia de Tipping Point con Photovoice se describe en este informe para los profesionales e investigadores que deseen aplicar esta metodología a otra evaluación o proceso de aprendizaje.

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Tipping Point MEL Methods Brief: Sensemaker

SenseMaker®, a narrative-based approach that involves the collection of short stories from targeted participant groups in response to a common prompt, is one of the methodologies used during the Phase 1 evaluation to measure social norms change. In this brief, the Tipping Point’s experience with SenseMaker® is described, including the methodology for data collection and analysis and lessons learned in the process.

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Tipping Point MEL Methods Brief: Sensemaker (French)

SenseMaker®, une approche narrative qui consiste à recueillir des nouvelles auprès de groupes de participants ciblés en réponse à un message commun, est l'une des méthodologies utilisées lors de la phase 1 de l'évaluation pour mesurer le changement des normes sociales. Dans cette brève, l'expérience du Tipping Point avec SenseMaker® est décrite, y compris la méthodologie de collecte et d'analyse des données et les leçons tirées du processus.

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Tipping Point MEL Methods Brief: Sensemaker (Spanish)

SenseMaker®, un enfoque basado en la narración que implica la recopilación de historias cortas de los grupos de participantes seleccionados en respuesta a un estímulo común, es una de las metodologías utilizadas durante la evaluación de la Fase 1 para medir el cambio de las normas sociales. En este informe se describe la experiencia de Tipping Point con el SenseMaker®, incluida la metodología de recopilación y análisis de datos y las lecciones aprendidas en el proceso.

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Tipping Point MEL Methods Brief: Social Norms Measurement

The combined analysis of qualitative data from the FDGs, Photovoice and Sensemaker has proven to be an innovative way to measure Tipping Point’s role in shifting social norms in Bangladesh and Nepal. The SNAP framework is central to understanding social norms change by informing not only tool construction but also providing an analytical framework that ties research directly to program design. This brief reviews how Tipping Point combined these approaches to measure social norm.

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Tipping Point MEL Methods Brief: Social Norms Measurement (French)

L'analyse combinée des données qualitatives des FDG, Photovoice et Sensemaker s'est révélé être un une façon de mesurer le rôle du Tipping Point dans l'évolution des normes sociales au Bangladesh et au Népal. Le cadre SNAP est au cœur de comprendre l'évolution des normes sociales en informant non seulement la construction d'outils mais aussi la fourniture d'un cadre analytique qui lie directement la recherche à la conception des programmes. Ce dossier examine comment Tipping Point a combiné ces approches pour mesurer la norme sociale.

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Tipping Point MEL Methods Brief: Social Norms Measurement (Spanish)

El análisis combinado de los datos cualitativos de las FDG, Photovoice and Sensemaker ha demostrado ser un innovador manera de medir el papel de Tipping Point en el cambio de las normas sociales en Bangladesh y Nepal. El marco del SNAP es fundamental para comprender el cambio de las normas sociales informando no sólo la construcción de herramientas, pero también proporcionando un marco analítico que vincula la investigación directamente con el diseño del programa. Este breve repaso de cómo Tipping Point combinó estos enfoques para medir la norma social.

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Tipping Point MEL Methods Brief: Outcome Mapping

The principal tool enlisted by Tipping Point in Phase 1 for monitoring, reflection, and learning was Outcome Mapping. This brief describes how Tipping Point used the outcome mapping approach to drive programmatic learning, with the aim of helping practitioners and researchers to adapt and apply this methodology to other evaluations.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Focus Group Discussion- Adolescents

Tipping Point Phase 1 was unique in that it moved beyond standard discourse and approaches that aim to address child marriage and adopted a specific focus on gendered social norms as a key contributing factor to processes of change. A 2017 qualitative evaluation of Tipping Point in Bangladesh and Nepal incorporated multiple approaches to measuring the status of social norms using different methods. CARE’s Social Norms Analysis Plot (SNAP) framework tool informed the development of tools and the sequencing of different phases of data collection allowed for refining the tools as needed between phases. This brief provides an overview of the various tools used in the evaluation and how they contributed to assessing social norm change within Tipping point communities.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Focus Group Discussion- Parents

Tipping Point Phase 1 was unique in that it moved beyond standard discourse and approaches that aim to address child marriage and adopted a specific focus on gendered social norms as a key contributing factor to processes of change. A 2017 qualitative evaluation of Tipping Point in Bangladesh and Nepal incorporated multiple approaches to measuring the status of social norms using different methods. CARE’s Social Norms Analysis Plot (SNAP) framework tool informed the development of tools and the sequencing of different phases of data collection allowed for refining the tools as needed between phases. This brief provides an overview of the various tools used in the evaluation and how they contributed to assessing social norm change within Tipping point communities.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Focus Group Discussion- Religious Leaders

Tipping Point Phase 1 was unique in that it moved beyond standard discourse and approaches that aim to address child marriage and adopted a specific focus on gendered social norms as a key contributing factor to processes of change. A 2017 qualitative evaluation of Tipping Point in Bangladesh and Nepal incorporated multiple approaches to measuring the status of social norms using different methods. CARE’s Social Norms Analysis Plot (SNAP) framework tool informed the development of tools and the sequencing of different phases of data collection allowed for refining the tools as needed between phases. This brief provides an overview of the various tools used in the evaluation and how they contributed to assessing social norm change within Tipping point communities.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Photovoice Tool

Tipping Point Phase 1 was unique in that it moved beyond standard discourse and approaches that aim to address child marriage and adopted a specific focus on gendered social norms as a key contributing factor to processes of change. A 2017 qualitative evaluation of Tipping Point in Bangladesh and Nepal incorporated multiple approaches to measuring the status of social norms using different methods. CARE’s Social Norms Analysis Plot (SNAP) framework tool informed the development of tools and the sequencing of different phases of data collection allowed for refining the tools as needed between phases. This brief provides an overview of the various tools used in the evaluation and how they contributed to assessing social norm change within Tipping point communities.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Sensemaker Tool

SenseMaker®, a narrative-based approach that involves the collection of short stories from targeted participant groups in response to a common prompt, is one of the methodologies used during the Phase 1 evaluation to measure social norms change.

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Formative Research and Tools

Cultural Context of Child Marriage in Nepal and Bangladesh

The Tipping Point Community Participatory Analysis Study was designed to deepen understanding of the contextual factors and root causes driving the prevalence of child marriage in particular regions of Nepal and Bangladesh. The three main areas of inquiry offer insights into the vulnerability to child marriage, the specific drivers of the practice, and the dreams and reactions of adolescents affected by child marriage.

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Policy Brief: Cultural Context of Child Marriage in Nepal and Bangladesh (CPA)

The Tipping Point Community Participatory Analysis Study was designed to deepen understanding of the contextual factors and root causes driving the prevalence of child marriage in particular regions of Nepal and Bangladesh. The three main areas of inquiry offer insights into the vulnerability to child marriage, the specific drivers of the practice, and the dreams and reactions of adolescents affected by child marriage.

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Methods Brief: Cultural Context of Child Marriage in Nepal and Bangladesh (CPA)

The Tipping Point Community Participatory Analysis Study was designed to deepen understanding of the contextual factors and root causes driving the prevalence of child marriage in particular regions of Nepal and Bangladesh. The three main areas of inquiry offer insights into the vulnerability to child marriage, the specific drivers of the practice, and the dreams and reactions of adolescents affected by child marriage.

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Cultural Context of Child Marriage in Nepal

The Tipping Point Community Participatory Analysis Study was designed to deepen understanding of the contextual factors and root causes driving the prevalence of child marriage in particular regions of Nepal. The three main areas of inquiry offer insights into the vulnerability to child marriage, the specific drivers of the practice, and the dreams and reactions of adolescents affected by child marriage.

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Cultural Context of Child Marriage in Bangladesh

The Tipping Point Community Participatory Analysis Study was designed to deepen understanding of the contextual factors and root causes driving the prevalence of child marriage in particular regions of Bangladesh. The three main areas of inquiry offer insights into the vulnerability to child marriage, the specific drivers of the practice, and the dreams and reactions of adolescents affected by child marriage.

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Tipping Point Community Participatory Analysis Toolkit

The Tipping Point Community Participatory Analysis (CPA) Study was designed to deepen understanding of the contextual factors and root causes driving the prevalence of child marriage in a particular region of Bangladesh which has high rates of the practice. The findings were also intended to inform innovative and context-specific program design. With regard to monitoring and evaluation, the CPA study’s purpose was to provide clarity on outcomes and measures to focus on the project’s overall monitoring, evaluation, and learning activities, and to provide baseline data for some indicators of change for use in the future. Of particular note, these include girls’ visions for themselves, the visions of parents for their daughters, and the prevailing knowledge and perceptions of the risks and benefits of early marriage versus waiting. A less conventional objective of the study was to promote learning and build capacity at the local level. With the Tipping Point Phase 1 implementation, CARE structured a project that incorporates a focus on learning by proactively creating space for review and reflection at every level. Hence, the CPA study was designed in a manner that would build the capacity of the project field staff as knowledge workers, build their skills to engage with participatory data collection tools, analyses and sense-making, and use findings from their research to inform the program design. The project endeavored to instill in field facilitators and social mobilizers, and partner organizations and staff, the sense that they all contribute in important ways to research and learning by reflecting, in real time, on their work with community members and by being a core part of the study. The collection of tools used in this study in Bangladesh are made available for adaptation publicly. These tools were used as part of the formative research for the Tipping Point Initiative Phase 1 in Sunamganj, Bangladesh. For more information on how to use the tools, please contact tippingpoint@care.org

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