In Search of Shelter
The impacts of climate change are already causing migration and displacement. Although the exact number of people that will be on the move by mid-century is uncertain, the scope and scale could vastly exceed anything that has occurred before.
Letters From Young Refugees in Jordan
"I lived for a long time in a foreign country, far from my beloved homeland of Syria and far from my family, my relatives, my loved ones and my friends."
There are 43.7 million refugees in the world today
Who is a refugee?
A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war, or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Most likely, they cannot return home or are afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries.
Who is an internally displaced person?
An internally displaced person (IDP) is a person who has been forced to flee his or her home for the same reason as a refugee, but remains in his or her own country and has not crossed an international border. Unlike refugees, IDPs are not protected by international law or eligible to receive many types of aid.
Who is an asylum seeker?
When people flee their own country and seek sanctuary in another country, they apply for asylum - the right to be recognized as a refugee and receive legal protection and material assistance. An asylum seeker must demonstrate that his or her fear of persecution in his or her home country is well-founded.
Who is a stateless person?
A stateless person is someone who is not a citizen of any country. A person can become stateless due to a variety of reasons, including sovereign, legal, technical or administrative decisions or oversights.
Who is not legally recognized as a refugee?
People who leave their homes and cross international borders due to natural disasters, climate change or environmental factors are not considered refugees. In addition, people who leave their homes and cross international borders due to severe situations, such as a lack of food (including famine), water, education, health care and a livelihood, are not legally-recognized refugees. The United Nations states, "All of these emerging trends pose enormous challenges for the international humanitarian community. The threat of continued massive displacement is real, and the world must be prepared to deal with it. Recognizing this, the United Nations - and UNHCR in particular - have already begun reviewing priorities, partners and methods of work in dealing with the new dynamics of human displacement."
How CARE works in emergencies
RESPONDING TODAY, PREPARING FOR TOMORROW
Many poor communities in the developing world lack the basic resources to cope with the struggles of everyday life. When disaster strikes, that struggle becomes all but impossible without assistance.